Is AZOOR an autoimmune disease?

Is AZOOR an autoimmune disease?

Is AZOOR an autoimmune disease?

Azoor is a rare disease with poorly understood pathophysio- logy. We describe a case occurred in a male patient in a peripheral area with choroidal thinning and associated autoimmune disease.

How is AZOOR diagnosed?

AZOOR is usually seen in young women with an acute onset of photopsia. Diagnosis of AZOOR is often missed without accurate diagnostic tests. An accurate diagnosis is made by combining results from the fundus evaluation, visual field testing, fluorescein angiograms and an electoretinogram (ERG).

What causes enlarged blind spot?

Enlargement of the blind spot is usually due to optic disc swelling or peripapillary retinal pathology. As shown in Table 1 , several ocular disorders may be associated with uni- or bilateral blind spot enlarge- ment. It may also develop as an adverse side effect of systemic drugs.

What autoimmune disorder causes blindness?

Behcet disease. This rare autoimmune disorder is a leading cause of blindness in some developing countries.

How does autoimmune disease affect the eyes?

Uveitis. This is an autoimmune disorder that directly affects the pigmented cells of the iris in the eye, and sometimes the middle layers of the eye as well. It causes inflammation, which can lead to blurred vision, “floaters,” and redness of the eye.

Can blind spots get bigger?

Unilateral blind spot enlargement occurs as an isolated entity (acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement) or in association with other conditions such as multiple evanescent white dot syndrome, multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis, or punctate inner choroidopathy.

How is white dot syndrome treated?

White dot syndromes have the potential for causing severe visual loss, but many of the diseases comprising white dot syndromes can be treated. Some are treated by attacking inflammatory pathways, while DUSN is treated by lasering the intraocular nematode.