What causes ventral cord herniation?

What causes ventral cord herniation?

What causes ventral cord herniation?

The underlying cause of ventral cord herniation is thought to be a dural defect allowing the subarachnoid space to communicate with the extradural space, which can be congenital or acquired 1.

What is displacement of spinal cord?

Posterior intradural arachnoid cysts displace and compress the spinal cord by mass effect, whereas spinal cord herniation is a displacement of the spinal cord through a dural defect secondary to a traumatic, postoperative, or idiopathic etiology (1).

What is thoracic anterior spinal cord adhesion syndrome?

The cord prolapses through an anterior or anterolateral dural defect, resulting in a progressive, frequently asymmetrical, thoracic myelopathy. Patients typically present in middle age with slowly progressive neurological dysfunction relating to anterior hemicord dysfunction [1,2].

What is a ventral cord deformity?

Ventral cord syndrome (VCS), also referred to as anterior cord syndrome or anterior spinal artery syndrome, is caused by any condition that leads to infarction of the ventral two-thirds of the spinal cord.

What is Myelocele?

In myelocele, the spinal cord is exposed so that nerve tissue lies exposed on the surface of the back without even a covering of skin or of the meninges, the membranous tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

What happens when a vertebrae is out of place?

What is spondylolisthesis? Spondylolisthesis is a condition involving spine instability, which means the vertebrae move more than they should. A vertebra slips out of place onto the vertebra below. It may put pressure on a nerve, which could cause lower back pain or leg pain.

What is the term for an inflammation of the coverings of the brain and spinal cord?

Meningitis is inflammation of the layers of tissue that cover the brain and spinal cord (meninges) and of the fluid-filled space between the meninges (subarachnoid space). Meningitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi, by disorders that are not infections, or by drugs.

What does a compressed spine feel like?

Spinal cord compression symptoms include pain, numbness or weakness in the arms, hands, legs or feet. These symptoms usually progress gradually. In the case of a traumatic spinal cord injury, symptoms can include problems with breathing or blood pressure and may come on suddenly.

What does your spinal cord do for your body?

The spinal cord acts as the body’s telephone system, relaying information from the brain to the rest of the body, and sending signals about the rest of the body to the brain.

What are the 3 types of spina bifida?

The three most common types of spina bifida are:

  • Myelomeningocele (sounds like: my-low-ma-nin-jo-seal; hear how “myelomeningocele” sounds )
  • Meningocele (sounds like: ma-nin-jo-seal; hear how “meningocele” sounds )
  • Spina Bifida Occulta (sounds like: o-cult-tuh; hear how “occulta” sounds )