What drugs cause the most birth defects?
What drugs cause the most birth defects?
Each of the following drugs or drug groups may cause birth defects in a developing fetus:
- ACE (angiotensin converting enzyme) inhibitors.
- angiotensin II antagonist.
- isotretinoin (an acne drug)
- high doses of vitamin A.
- male hormones.
Do painkillers affect baby?
A study from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that women who took NSAIDs and opioid pain medicines during early pregnancy were more likely to have babies affected with certain birth defects compared with women who took acetaminophen.
What birth defects are caused by opioids?
Birth defects associated with opioid use during pregnancy include:
- Congenital heart defects. These conditions can affect the shape of a baby’s heart, how it works or both.
- Neural tube defects (also called NTDs).
How does prescription drugs affect a baby?
Prescription drugs can cause the following problems and complications during pregnancy: Contraction of the uterus which can affect the blood supply to the baby or cause preterm labor and birth. Interference with normal prenatal development that can lead to birth defects or fetal demise.
What kind of birth defects does alcohol cause?
Babies exposed to alcohol in the womb can develop fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). These disorders include a wide range of physical, behavioral, and learning problems. The most severe type of FASD is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). It is caused by heavy drinking during pregnancy.
What birth defects can antibiotics cause?
Overall, 186 children born to mothers prescribed macrolides at any point in pregnancy had major birth defects, including malformations of the brain and nervous system, heart and lungs, digestive tract, genitals or urinary tract. That translates into a birth defect rate of 28 out of every 1,000 babies.
Is it safe to take pain killer during pregnancy?
ANSWER Commonly prescribed pain medications appear to be relatively safe to use during pregnancy. None of the analgesics has been found to increase the risk of major malformations, although caution should be used when prescribing them in late pregnancy.
What can opioids do to an unborn baby?
Health Outcomes From Exposure During Pregnancy For mothers, OUD has been linked to maternal death;1,2 for babies, maternal OUD or long-term opioid use has been linked to poor fetal growth, preterm birth, stillbirth, and specific birth defects, and can cause neonatal abstinence syndrome (see below).
What harmful substances can pass from mother to baby?
Tobacco, alcohol and drugs can have harmful effects on anyone’s health. When a pregnant or nursing woman uses these substances, her baby also is exposed to them, for all substances cross the placenta through the umbilical cord and enter into the baby’s bloodstream.
Can you take prescription drugs during pregnancy?
If you take prescription medicine during pregnancy, some can cause problems for your baby, like premature birth, NAS and birth defects. Tell your provider about any prescription medicine you take. You may need to stop taking a medicine or switch to one that’s safer during pregnancy.
Can an alcoholic father cause birth defects?
New evidence has found a link between paternal alcohol consumption before conception and the chances of fetal birth defects. Fathers who drink alcohol regularly before conception are associated with greater chances of birth defects like congenital heart disease, limb anomalies, clefts, and digestive tract anomalies.
What is the life expectancy of a child with fetal alcohol syndrome?
Results: The life expectancy at birth of people with FAS was 34 years (95% confidence interval: 31 to 37 years), which was about 42% of that of the general population.
Can antibiotics hurt unborn baby?
Though antibiotics are useful drugs, they should only be taken when necessary because: antibiotics can cause harmful side effects, ranging from stomach upset to allergic reactions, birth defects, or even death.
Can painkiller cause miscarriage?
NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Women who use common painkillers like ibuprofen and naproxen early in pregnancy may have an increased risk of miscarriage, a study published Tuesday suggests.
What meds are OK to take while pregnant?
Which Medications Are Safe During Pregnancy?
- Safe to take: Regular and extra-strength Tylenol (acetaminophen)
- Safe to take: Metamucil, Colace, Citracel, Milk of Magnesia, Dulcolax.
- Safe to take: Tums, Maalox, Mylanta, Pepcid.
- Safe to take: Penicillin.
- Safe to take: Monistat, Gynelotrimin.
Do opioids cross placenta?
Opioids are known to cross the placenta and despite the evidence of possible adverse effects on fetal development, studies have consistently shown prescription opioids are among the most commonly prescribed medications and the prevalence of use is increasing among pregnant women.
What birth defects are caused by chemicals?
TOXIC EXPOSURE CAN CAUSE A WIDE RANGE OF BIRTH DEFECTS. Common birth defects caused by toxic chemicals include brain damage, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, and developmental delays.
What are the four causes of birth defects?
What causes birth defects?
- Genetic problems. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that results in them not working properly, such as in Fragile X syndrome.
- Chromosomal problems.
- Exposure to medications, chemicals, or other agents during pregnancy.
What prescription medications are safe during pregnancy?
Safe Medications to Take During Pregnancy
- Aluminum hydroxide/magnesium carbonate (Gaviscon®)*
- Famotidine (Pepcid AC®)
- Aluminum hydroxide/magnesium hydroxide (Maalox®)
- Calcium carbonate/magnesium carbonate (Mylanta®)
- Calcium carbonate (Titralac®, Tums®)
- Ranitidine (Zantac®)