Can choroidal melanoma be removed?

Can choroidal melanoma be removed?

Can choroidal melanoma be removed?

Three main goals in treatment of choroidal melanoma are: Destroy or remove the tumor to prevent metastasis, maintain vision, and preserve the eye. Although enucleation and surgical resection are available, most patients in the United States and Europe today are treated with plaque radiation therapy.

Is choroidal melanoma fatal?

The tumors also can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. The liver is the most common site for metastasis. If it spreads, this cancer can be fatal.

What is the survival rate for ocular melanoma?

5-year relative survival rates for eye melanoma

SEER stage 5-year relative survival rate
Localized 85%
Regional 71%
Distant 13%
All SEER stages combined 82%

What is considered a large choroidal melanoma?

Eye cancer specialists try to preserve eyes, even if the eye had reduced vision. Large-sized Choroidal Melanoma: Very large choroidal melanomas (greater than 22 mm width) may be treated by initial removal of the eye (enucleation).

How fast does eye melanoma spread?

Based on the aggressiveness of the particular tumor, as defined by clinical and genetic features, metastasis may be detected as early as 2-3 after diagnosis and rarely as late as decades after treatment.

Where does choroidal melanoma spread?

In the irradiation group, the most common location was inferior/temporal (21.5%; 26 patients). Thirteen patients (10.7%) were diagnosed with metastasis. The liver was the most common site (61.5%). The median time from diagnosis of choroidal melanoma to diagnosis of metastasis was 44.8 months (3.7 years).

How long does it take ocular melanoma to spread?

Approximately 50% of patients with OM will develop metastases by 10 to 15 years after diagnosis (a small percentage of people will develop metastases even later i.e. 20-25 years after their initial diagnosis).

How quickly does eye melanoma grow?

Is choroidal melanoma common?

Therefore, when melanoma happens in the choroid, they are called “choroidal melanoma,” the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. That said, choroidal melanomas are rare with 5 to10 out of each million people diagnosed with a choroidal melanoma each year.

Where does melanoma of the eye spread to?

Ocular melanoma is a cancerous (malignant) tumor that can potentially spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body, most often to the liver.