What are diseases of the heart and blood vessels called?

What are diseases of the heart and blood vessels called?

What are diseases of the heart and blood vessels called?

The four most common types of vascular disease are high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, stroke, and rheumatic heart disease.

What does cerebrovascular disease mean?

Together, the word cerebrovascular refers to blood flow in the brain. The term cerebrovascular disease includes all disorders in which an area of the brain is temporarily or permanently affected by ischemia or bleeding and one or more of the cerebral blood vessels are involved in the pathological process.

What does claudication mean?

Claudication is pain in your thigh, calf, or buttocks that happens when you walk. It can make you limp. It may be a symptom of peripheral artery disease (PAD). This is when narrowed or blocked arteries reduce the blood flow to your legs.

What are the risks of cerebrovascular disease?

Lifestyle factors that increase your risk of stroke include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, high blood cholesterol levels, heavy drinking, high salt and high fat diet and lack of exercise. Someone who has already experienced a stroke is at increased risk of having another.

What is the treatment of cerebrovascular disease?

Most cases of cerebrovascular disease are treated with medications. These medications may include: blood pressure medications. cholesterol medications.

Can you cure claudication?

If PAD is the cause of intermittent claudication, it’s treatable but not curable. Physical therapy can improve walking distance. Drugs and surgery can treat PAD and minimize its risk factors. Aggressive treatment to minimize risk factors is advised.

What is the best treatment for claudication?

The two most commonly used medications include: Cilostazol (Pletal) reduces the pain of intermittent claudication by widening (dilating) the arteries, thereby improving the flow of blood and oxygen to the legs.

What are the blood vessels outside the heart?

The arteries (red) carry oxygen and nutrients away from your heart, to your body’s tissues. The veins (blue) take oxygen-poor blood back to the heart. Arteries begin with the aorta, the large artery leaving the heart. They carry oxygen-rich blood away from the heart to all of the body’s tissues.

What is the difference between PAD and PVD?

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is the name of one specific disease, a condition that affects only arteries, and primarily the arteries of the legs. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a generic “umbrella term” that describes a large number of circulatory diseases.

In more severe cases, surgery to remove plaque or blockages, or to insert a stent may be required. If brain function has already been reduced or altered by a cerebrovascular disease, then you may need to have physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy as a part of the recovery process.

Which is worse PAD or PVD?

Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD) afflicts the arteries alone while Peripheral Vascular Disease (PVD) is a broader term which includes any blood vessel including, veins and lymphatic vessels….Understanding the Differences Between PAD vs. PVD.

Poor nail growth Leg fatigue Leg or foot feeling cool or cold to the touch
Thinning of skin on legs Skin color changes

What is the most common type of peripheral vascular disease?

PAD is the most common form of PVD, so the terms are often used to mean the same condition. PVD is also known as: arteriosclerosis obliterans. arterial insufficiency of the legs.

Which is an abnormal condition of the blood vessels?

Vascular disease is any abnormal condition of the blood vessels (arteries and veins). The body uses blood vessels to circulate blood through itself.

What are the most common vascular diseases outside the heart?

Vascular diseases outside the heart can “present” themselves anywhere. The most common vascular diseases are stroke, peripheral artery disease (PAD), abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), carotid artery disease (CAD), arteriovenous malformation (AVM), critical limb ischemia (CLI), pulmonary embolism (blood clots),…

What causes narrowing of blood vessels in the brain?

Moyamoya disease. Moyamoya disease is a progressive disease that effects blood vessels in the brain (cerebrovascular). It is characterized by narrowing and/or closing of the main artery to the brain (carotid) which decreases the blood supply.

How does vascular disease affect the human body?

The body uses blood vessels to circulate blood through itself. Problems along this vast network can cause severe disability and death. Vascular diseases outside the heart can “present” themselves anywhere.

What causes pain in blood vessels outside the heart?

Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a blood circulation disorder that causes the blood vessels outside of your heart and brain to narrow, block, or spasm. This can happen in your arteries or veins. PVD typically causes pain and fatigue, often in your legs, and especially during exercise.

Which is an example of a diseased blood vessel?

Artery – A pipeline (blood vessel) carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body. When diseased, the organ supplied may become damaged due to lack of oxygen and nutrients. See Ischemia. Aspirin – A medication used to thin the blood.

What are blood vessels that form in the brain?

Cerebral cavernous malformations (CCMs) are abnormally formed blood vessels. As opposed to other kinds of hemangiomas, CCM vessels, which have the appearance of a small mulberry, develop and create problems in the brain or spinal cord.

Which is an abnormal bulge in the wall of a blood vessel?

The condition develops when a vein in the armpit (the axilla) or in the front of the shoulder (the subclavian vein) is compressed by the collarbone (clavicle), the first rib, or the surrounding muscle, increasing risk for blood clots. An aneurysm is an abnormal bulge in the wall of a blood vessel.