What is the origin of scoliosis?
What is the origin of scoliosis?
Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown.
How long have we known about scoliosis?
The treatment of scoliosis with longitudinal traction was first described by Hippocrates in the 5th century BC . His early work was devoted to the use of traction with the Hippocratic bench or scamnum for the treatment of long bone and spinal fractures.
What age is scoliosis commonly found in?
It’s most often seen in children between the ages of 10 and 18. It tends to affect more girls than boys. Possible causes of scoliosis include: Nervous system problems like cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy.
When was the first scoliosis surgery?
1914 — The first surgery to correct scoliosis was performed in New York in 1914 by Dr. Hibbs. This surgical technique was used in France for at least 50 years before it came to the US.
As bones start to become weaker and the ligaments and discs located in the spine become worn as a result of age-related changes, the spine begins to curve. The word ‘de novo’ is associated with this form of scoliosis as it means ‘new’, referring to the occurrence of the condition during later life.
Who was the first person with scoliosis?
Earliest known record of scoliosis by Hippocrates (Greece) approximately 400 B.C.
Who was the first person to discover scoliosis?
The beginning of scoliosis treatments dates back to 500 BC, when it was first discovered by Hippocrates. Hippocrates was a very popular Greek physician who wrote books on the human structure such as bones, muscle joints, etc.
Is there a gene that causes scoliosis in children?
Physicians have recognized scoliosis, the abnormal curvature of the spine, since the time of Hippocrates, but its causes have remained a mystery — until now. For the first time, researchers have discovered a gene that underlies the condition, which affects about 3 percent of all children.
When does idiopathic scoliosis occur in an adult?
When it begins or is found after puberty, it is called “adult idiopathic scoliosis” because the curve is discovered after complete skeletal growth. In general, most scoliosis in adolescents occurs in the thoracic or rib cage portion of the spine. In adults the main concern is almost always the lumbar or lower spine.
Is there a cure or treatment for scoliosis?
Most cases of scoliosis are mild and don’t need treatment. In adults, the degree of the spinal curve may or may not determine treatment. Treatment is geared towards relieving symptoms, and not necessarily fixing the curve. The goal is always to decrease pain and improve function.
What causes scoliosis of the spine?
Causes. There are many causes of scoliosis, including congenital spine deformities (those present at birth, either inherited or caused by the environment), genetic conditions, neuromuscular problems, and limb length inequality. Other causes for scoliosis include cerebral palsy, spina bifida, muscular dystrophy, spinal muscular atrophy, and tumors.
When does scoliosis occur?
Scoliosis is a spine condition that occurs when the spine curves or twists to the side. This can pull the ribcage out of position and put strain on the muscles of the back, causing pain and discomfort.
What is lumbar scoliosis?
Lumbar scoliosis is a disorder of the spine (within the five lumbar vertebrae) in which the lower part of the back, or the lumbar area of the spine, curves to the left or to the right. This form of scoliosis is known as thoracolumbar scoliosis.