What conditions cause heart attacks?
What conditions cause heart attacks?
Coronary heart disease
- a high-fat diet.
- high cholesterol.
- high blood pressure (hypertension)
- being overweight or obese.
What is the name of the disease that causes heart attacks?
A buildup of fatty plaques in your arteries, or atherosclerosis (ath-ur-o-skluh-ROE-sis) can damage your blood vessels and heart. Plaque buildup causes narrowed or blocked blood vessels that can lead to a heart attack, chest pain (angina) or stroke. Coronary artery disease symptoms may be different for men and women.
What is the most common heart attack?
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of heart attack. A less common cause is a severe spasm, or sudden contraction, of a coronary artery that can stop blood flow to the heart muscle.
Does high blood pressure cause heart attacks?
Left undetected (or uncontrolled), high blood pressure can lead to: Heart attack — High blood pressure damages arteries that can become blocked and prevent blood flow to the heart muscle. Stroke — High blood pressure can cause blood vessels in the brain to clog more easily or even burst.
Which of these medical conditions is commonly known as a heart attack?
Myocardial infarction (MI): The damaging or death of an area of the heart muscle (myocardium) resulting from a blocked blood supply to that area. It’s also the medical term for a heart attack.
A heart attack occurs when one or more of your coronary arteries becomes blocked. Over time, a buildup of fatty deposits, including cholesterol, form substances called plaques, which can narrow the arteries (atherosclerosis). This condition, called coronary artery disease, causes most heart attacks.
What is the medical term for a heart attack?
Understanding heart attacks. Myocardial infarction, the medical term for heart attack, literally means “heart tissue damage or death.”. Heart attacks most commonly occur when one or more of the coronary arteries — a network of blood vessels that supply blood to the heart — become blocked. Heart muscle becomes starved for oxygen and nutrients.
Why does my heart hurt when I have a heart attack?
Coronary artery disease When cholesterol and fatty deposits build up in the heart’s arteries, less blood can reach the heart muscle. This buildup is known as atherosclerosis. The result may be chest pain ( angina) or, if blood flow becomes totally obstructed, a heart attack.
How does a blood clot cause a heart attack?
In response, bloodclotting particles called platelets will try to re-seal the rupture. As a blood clot forms within a blood vessel, there’s a chance it can block blood flow to the heart, or break away from the blood vessel and travel to a smaller artery around the heart. The result is heart attack.
Which is a condition that can affect the heart?
Another condition which can affect the heart is high blood pressure or hypertension. Although it’s not a disease in itself, hypertension can lead to an increased risk of developing serious conditions such as coronary heart disease, heart attacks and strokes.
What are the early signs of a heart attack?
Common heart attack signs and symptoms include: Pressure, tightness, pain, or a squeezing or aching sensation in your chest or arms that may spread to your neck, jaw or back. Nausea, indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain. Shortness of breath. Cold sweat.
What is the worst type of heart attack?
The Degree of Blockage of a Coronary Artery Determines the Type of Heart Attack STEMI Heart Attack. This is the deadliest type of heart attack. NSTEMI Heart Attack. This type of heart attack happens when blood flow to your heart through a coronary artery is severely restricted but not entirely blocked. Silent Heart Attack. Some people have a heart attack with mild symptoms or even none at all, known as a silent heart attack.
What are the symptoms of a mild heart attack?
The symptoms of a mild heart attack are similar to those of unstable angina and include chest pain that may radiate to the arms and jaw, difficulty breathing, nausea, light-headedness, cold sweats, and feeling as though your heart is racing. These symptoms may last for a few minutes.
What are the 5 types of heart attacks?
There are five different types of heart attacks are present. They are: Stable Angina. Unstable Angina. STEMI (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction) NSTEMI (Non-ST segment myocardial infarction) Coronary Artery Spasm (also known as ‘Prinzmetal’s angina)