Where does the basilar artery supply blood to?

Where does the basilar artery supply blood to?

Where does the basilar artery supply blood to?

The basilar artery (BA) serves as the main conduit for blood flow through the posterior circulation. It directly supplies the brainstem and cerebellum and provides distal blood flow to the thalami and medial temporal and parietal lobes.

What does the basilar artery drain into?

The basilar artery lies at the front of the brainstem in the midline and is formed from the union of the two vertebral arteries. Diagram of the arterial circulation at the base of the brain (inferior view). The basilar artery terminates by splitting into the left and right posterior cerebral arteries.

What artery pumps blood to the brain?

The carotid arteries supply oxygen-rich blood to the brain. Plaque forms when the internal carotid arteries become blocked by fat and cholesterol buildup. This process is called atherosclerosis. Severe blockage is called carotid stenosis.

What artery feeds the brain stem?

basilar arteries
The vertebral and basilar arteries supply the brainstem and cerebellum.

What is basilar artery syndrome?

Top of the basilar syndrome, also known as rostral brainstem infarction, occurs when there is thromboembolic occlusion of the top of the basilar artery. This results in bilateral thalamic ischemia due to occlusion of perforator vessels.

What is a basilar artery stroke?

A basilar artery stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is interrupted. This can happen if the vessel becomes blocked (an ischemic stroke) or ruptured (hemmorhagic stroke). The basilar artery is located at the base of the brain, where the two vertebral arteries come together.

Is there a basilar artery?

The basilar artery is a midline structure formed from the confluence of the vertebral arteries. Terminally, the basilar artery branches to establish the right and left posterior cerebral arteries. Along its course, the basilar artery gives off several branches.

How common is basilar artery stroke?

BASILAR ARTERY occlusion (BAO) is an uncommon cause of stroke generally associated with a high mortality rate and a poor functional outcome in survivors. Labauge et al8 reported only 31 survivors of BAO. Even with thrombolytic therapy, the survival rate in BAO is only approximately 50%.

Can you recover from basilar artery stroke?

Functionality and quality of life were favorable in approximately 75% of basilar artery occlusion disease (BAOD) survivors at 4.2 years after stroke [12].

What happens if the basilar artery is damaged?

The basilar artery plays a critical role in supplying blood to regions of the brain like the cerebellum, brainstem, and occipital lobes. If this vessel is compromised in some way, a stroke can occur. A stroke in the basilar artery can have devastating results.

What happens if the basilar artery is blocked?

Most commonly, patients experiencing basilar artery occlusion exhibit acute neurologic signs including motor deficits, hemiparesis or quadriparesis, and facial palsies, dizziness, headache, and speech abnormalities–especially dysarthria and difficulty articulating words.

How do you treat basilar artery?

Treatment of patients with basilar artery thrombosis includes the following:

  1. Hemodynamic management.
  2. Respiratory management.
  3. Thrombolysis.
  4. Intra-arterial thrombolysis.

What happens when the basilar artery is blocked?