Where is the pole of the kidney?

Where is the pole of the kidney?

Where is the pole of the kidney?

The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal structures that are normally located between the transverse processes of T12-L3 vertebrae, with the left kidney typically somewhat more superior in position than the right. The upper poles are normally oriented more medially and posteriorly than the lower poles.

Is renal osteodystrophy curable?

Treating renal osteodystrophy Renal osteodystrophy can be managed with phosphorus binders, activated vitamin D and a low-phosphorus diet. If you have a high level of PTH in your blood, it’s important to bring it back to a normal level to prevent calcium loss from your bones.

How long can a nephrostomy tube remain in kidney?

A nephrostomy tube can remain in the kidney as long as the obstruction in your urinary tract does not get relieved. It may need to stay in for a short time such as till a stone passes naturally.

What is osteodystrophy?

Osteodystrophy (ie, renal rickets) is the only type of rickets with a high serum phosphate level. It can be adynamic (a reduction in osteoblastic activity) or hyperdynamic (increased bone turnover).

What size kidney cyst is considered large?

Renal cysts are common in old patients, and usually remain untreated. Giant renal cyst measuring more than 15 cm in diameter and containing more than 1500 mls of serous fluid are rarely seen.

What does kidney disease do to bones?

To keep your bones strong, your kidneys must keep the right balance of several important substances. These include phosphorus, calcium, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin D. When you have chronic kidney disease, your body no longer keeps the right balance of these substances. This can lead to bone disease.

Which kidney is higher than the other?

The kidneys are located on each side of the lower spine, just under the rib cage. The left kidney is usually a little larger than the right. The left kidney is usually also positioned slightly higher and closer to the heart than the right.

Is a kidney biopsy painful?

Pain at the biopsy site is common after a kidney biopsy, but it usually lasts only a few hours.

Can glomerulonephritis be stopped?

What treatment is available for glomerulonephritis? The acute form may go away by itself. Sometimes you may need medication or even temporary treatment with an artificial kidney machine to remove extra fluid and control high blood pressure and kidney failure.

Can I sleep on my nephrostomy side?

Exercise and sleeping More strenuous exercise may cause pain & should therefore be avoided. Lying on the side of the tube may be uncomfortable so try the other side. If you have tubes in both kidneys find a position that suits you. Do try to not let the tube (s) stop you from sleeping.