How serious is retinal vasculitis?

How serious is retinal vasculitis?

How serious is retinal vasculitis?

This disorder is usually bilateral and is visual threatening. As many as one-third patients may suffer from severe visual loss (<20/200) as a result of retinal vasculitis and its complications. Retinal vasculitis may be associated with a number of systemic and local diseases (Table 2).

Is retinal vasculitis curable?

Treatment of retinal vasculitis typically involves high doses of cortisone-related medications, such as prednisone. Additionally, some diseases require immune suppression with medications, such as cyclosporine, chlorambucil, and cyclophosphamide.

What is the treatment for retinal vasculitis?

Corticosteroids with or without immunosuppressive medication are the mainstay treatment in retinal vasculitis together with laser photocoagulation of retinal ischemic areas.

Is retinal vasculitis rare?

Retinal vasculitis is very rare as the only presenting symptom. Often, there is sufficient systemic evidence to help the physician decide between any one of the aforementioned possible systemic diseases.

How long can you live with vasculitis?

The mean survival time was 126.6 months (95% confidence interval (CI) = 104.5 to 148.6) limited to 154.6 months for the longest-surviving patient (Fig. 2). We found statistically significant results comparing the BVAS groups.

Can you live a normal life with vasculitis?

Some types of vasculitis may occur only once and do not return. Other types are prone to recurrences. For all patients with vasculitis, it is essential to be evaluated by physicians who are experienced in the treatment of these diseases. Vasculitis is treatable, and many patients achieve remissions through treatment.

What are the possible causes of vasculitis?


  • Infections, such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
  • Blood cancers.
  • Immune system diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus and scleroderma.
  • Reactions to certain drugs.

Does lupus cause retinal vasculitis?

Retinal vasculitis is an uncommon but potentially sight-threatening manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The most common findings include retinal hemorrhage, “cotton-wool” spots, and vasoocclusion1,2.

What are the types of vasculitis?

Types of Vasculitis

  • Behcet’s Disease.
  • Buerger’s Disease (Thromboangiitis Obliterans)
  • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA, formerly known as Churg Strauss)
  • Cryoglobulinemia.
  • Giant Cell Arteritis.
  • Henoch-Schönlein Purpura.
  • Microscopic Polyangiitis.
  • Polyarteritis Nodosa.

What are the symptoms of retinal vasculitis?

The most common symptoms include blurred or decreased vision, floaters, and scotomata, although the disease may be asymptomatic. Causes of poor outcome of retinal vasculitis are multifactorial and prediction of visual acuity is difficult as the course of the disease may vary.

How is retinal vasculitis diagnosed?

Detection of retinal vasculitis is made clinically, and confirmed with the help of fundus fluorescein angiography. Active vascular disease is characterized by exudates around retinal vessels resulting in white sheathing or cuffing of the affected vessels, which may be segmental (skip lesions) or confluent [Figure 1].

What is the most serious vasculitis?

The most serious types of vasculitis involve both small and medium-sized arteries.

  • Takayasu arteritis.
  • Giant cell arteritis (temporal arteritis)
  • Polyarteritis nodosa.
  • Kawasaki disease.
  • Granulomatosis with polyangiitis.
  • Behçet’s syndrome.
  • Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis.
  • Microscopic polyangiitis.