What is the outer part surface of the kidney called?

What is the outer part surface of the kidney called?

What is the outer part surface of the kidney called?

The outer, reddish region, next to the capsule, is the renal cortex. This surrounds a darker reddish-brown region called the renal medulla. The renal medulla consists of a series of renal pyramids, which appear striated because they contain straight tubular structures and blood vessels.

What is the renal?

Renal system, in humans, organ system that includes the kidneys, where urine is produced, and the ureters, bladder, and urethra for the passage, storage, and voiding of urine.

What is the top of the kidney called?

Adrenal Glands

  • Adrenal glands, also known as suprarenal glands, are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of both kidneys.
  • Adrenal glands produce hormones that help regulate your metabolism, immune system, blood pressure, response to stress and other essential functions.

When viewing the internal anatomy of a kidney the outer region is known as the?

renal cortex
Internal Gross Anatomy A frontal section through the kidney (Figure 2) reveals an outer region called the renal cortex and an inner region called the renal medulla.

Are renal and kidney the same thing?

The main nomenclature recommendations from the consensus conference are to: Use “kidney” rather than “renal” or “nephro-” when referring to kidney disease and kidney function, except when describing specific kidney disease (eg, membranous nephropathy) or structure (eg, renal artery)

Which term is used for the tip of a pyramid in the kidney?

The tips of the pyramids, called renal papillae, point toward the renal pelvis. There are, on average, eight renal pyramids in each kidney. The renal pyramids along with the adjoining cortical region are called the lobes of the kidney.

How many calyx are located in each kidney?

The renal calyces, from seven to thirteen in number, are cup-shaped tubes, each of which embraces one or more of the renal papillæ; they unite to form two or three short tubes (the superior, middle and inferior calyces), and these in turn join to form a funnel-shaped sac, the renal pelvis.

What is the external anatomy of the kidney?

The kidneys are made up by three external layers, which include the renal fascia (the outermost layer), the perirenal fat capsule, and lastly, the innermost layer, the renal capsule, which then surround the space of the renal cortex.

What is the function of renal papilla in the kidney?

The papilla, or inner medulla, lies in the center of the adult kidney protruding into the pelvis. The collecting ducts pass through the papilla providing a conduit for the urinary filtrate to reach the ureter.