How is niacin deficiency diagnosed?

How is niacin deficiency diagnosed?

How is niacin deficiency diagnosed?

Niacin Deficiency Symptoms

  1. thick, scaly pigmented rash on skin exposed to sunlight.
  2. swollen mouth and bright red tongue.
  3. vomiting and diarrhea.
  4. headache.
  5. apathy.
  6. fatigue.
  7. depression.
  8. disorientation.

Who is at risk of pellagra?

Risk factors include poverty, staple diet that is poor in niacin (maize, Indian millet, or jowar), eating disorders, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), alcohol abuse, medication (isoniazid, pyrazinamide, carbamazepine, carbidopa, chloramphenicol, phenytoin, phenobarbital), chemotherapy (5-fluorouracil, 6- …

Is pellagra serious?

Pellagra is a serious condition that’s caused by low levels of niacin, due to either malnutrition or an absorption problem. If left untreated, it can cause death.

What are the symptoms of b2 deficiency?

The signs and symptoms of riboflavin deficiency (also known as ariboflavinosis) include skin disorders, hyperemia (excess blood) and edema of the mouth and throat, angular stomatitis (lesions at the corners of the mouth), cheilosis (swollen, cracked lips), hair loss, reproductive problems, sore throat, itchy and red …

Which disease is caused by lack of vitamin B2?

What happens if you don t have enough B2?

Riboflavin deficiency can cause skin disorders, sores at the corners of your mouth, swollen and cracked lips, hair loss, sore throat, liver disorders, and problems with your reproductive and nervous systems.

What are the stages of pellagra?

Pellagra defines systemic disease as resulting from a marked cellular deficiency of niacin. It is characterized by 4 “D’s”: diarrhea, dermatitis, dementia, and death.

How can a doctor tell if you have pellagra?

Image: Pellagra. When there are only very few symptoms present, the doctor can diagnose Pellagra by measuring a patient’s vitamin B deficiency in terms of the amounts of thiamine, riboflavin, pyridoxine, cobalamin and niacin deficiency in their bodies through a sample of their urine.

What causes pellagra and what are the causes?

There are two types of pellagra, known as primary pellagra and secondary pellagra. Primary pellagra is caused by diets low in niacin or tryptophan. Tryptophan can be converted to niacin in the body, so not getting enough can cause niacin deficiency.

Which is the best treatment for pellagra skin lesions?

The treatment of pellagra consisted to exogenous administration of niacin or nicotinamide cures. Topical management of skin lesions with emollients may reduce discomfort. The therapy should also include other B vitamins, zinc and magnesium as well as a diet rich in calories.

What are the different types of pellagra disease?

Pellagra is defined as a nutritional disorder which is caused by a vitamin B3 deficiency. Pellagra leads to different systemic diseases ranging from the skin, stomach, and the nervous system.