Why does diabetes mellitus cause high blood sugar?

Why does diabetes mellitus cause high blood sugar?

Why does diabetes mellitus cause high blood sugar?

Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar) level either due to inadequate insulin production or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin or both.

What causes a person to have type 1 diabetes?

This causes diabetes by leaving the body without enough insulin to function normally. This is called an autoimmune reaction, or autoimmune cause, because the body is attacking itself. There is no specific diabetes causes, but the following triggers may be involved: Underlying genetic disposition may also be a type 1 diabetes cause.

What happens to insulin producing cells in Type 1 diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. This means it begins when the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks other cells in the body. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells (called beta cells) in the pancreas.

What causes the pancreas to produce too much insulin?

Diabetes can be caused by the absense or improper function of insulin. pancreas, insulin, glucagon, glucose, insulin resistance, autoimmune. Glucose is a key energy source for all cells in our body.

How can you tell if you have diabetes?

The various types of diabetes may have similar or different warning signs. Some general warning signs of diabetes are: extreme thirst. dry mouth. frequent urination. hunger. fatigue. irritable behavior.

What are the 8 initial symptoms of diabetes?

Initial symptoms of diabetes -Excessive thirst. When glucose is not properly absorbed, its accumulation in the bloodstream can lead to dehydration. -Frequent urination. Patients with diabetes frequently need to urinate because their kidneys are working harder while trying to filter the excess sugar from the bloodstream. -Sleep disorders. -Slow healing. -Urinary infections.

What are the risks associated with diabetes?

Diabetes dramatically increases the risk of various cardiovascular problems, including coronary artery disease with chest pain (angina), heart attack, stroke and narrowing of arteries (atherosclerosis). If you have diabetes, you’re more likely to have heart disease or stroke. Nerve damage (neuropathy).

What diseases are caused by diabetes?

Heart diseases caused by diabetes. Diabetes is known to be linked to cardiovascular diseases popularly known as heart diseases. Most diabetic patients are prone to heart diseases and stroke. Excess of sugar in the blood affects various body parts including the blood vessels such as the arteries, capillaries and veins.