What is periventricular white matter ischemic changes?

What is periventricular white matter ischemic changes?

What is periventricular white matter ischemic changes?

These injuries have been seen in the subcortical and periventricular regions. Periventricular white matter changes in ischemic and Alzheimer’s disease brain, referred to as leukoaraiosis, are responsible for changes in memory, cognition and behavior.

What is periventricular leukoaraiosis?

The term leukoaraiosis refers to neuroimaging abnormalities of the white matter, which appear as hypodense or hyperintense areas, are located predominantly in the periventricular area, and are found especially in older people [1,2].

What is chronic ischemic changes?

Overview. Microvascular ischemic disease is a term that’s used to describe changes to the small blood vessels in the brain. Changes to these vessels can damage white matter — the brain tissue that contains nerve fibers and serves as the connection point to other parts of the brain.

What does chronic Microangiopathic changes mean?

Microangiopathy: A disease of the capillaries (very small blood vessels), in which the capillary walls become so thick and weak that they bleed, leak protein, and slow the flow of blood. For example, diabetes predisposes to the development of microangiopathy in many areas, including the eye.

How long can you live with brain ischemia?

Another study found that as many as 36% patients did not survive beyond the first month. Of the remaining, 60% of patients suffering from an ischemic stroke survived one year, but only 31% made it past the five-year mark.

What is the treatment for small vessel ischemic disease?

The treatment for small vessel disease involves medications to control the narrowing of your small blood vessels that could lead to a heart attack and to relieve pain. Your doctor could prescribe: Nitroglycerin.

What does small vessel ischemic disease mean on my MRI?

Cerebral small vessel disease (SVD) is an umbrella term covering a variety of abnormalities related to small blood vessels in the brain. Because most brain tissue appears white on MRIs, these abnormalities were historically referred to as “white matter changes.”