Which is an example of a communicable disease?

Which is an example of a communicable disease?

Which is an example of a communicable disease?

Some examples of the reportable communicable diseases include Hepatitis A, B & C, influenza, measles, and salmonella and other food borne illnesses.

Viral hepatitis, attributable to 1.4 million deaths per year, causes 78 percent of liver cancers and exacerbates the effects of HIV. The HIV virus attacks the immune system and makes people more vulnerable to other types of infections. Today, many people suffering from HIV live for 15 years before reaching the disease’s final stage, AIDS.

Which is an example of an infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are diseases caused by microorganisms. These are microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. They can sometimes be caught from other people, the environment, from animal contact, or from insect bites. Infectious diseases can be any of the following: Chickenpox. Common cold. Diphtheria. E. coli.

How many communicable diseases are reported in California?

Local health departments are required to report some 80 communicable diseases to the California Department of Public Health as part of the disease surveillance and investigation efforts. The diseases below are among them.

Why is reporting cases of communicable disease important?

Reporting of cases of communicable disease is important in the planning and evaluation of disease prevention and control programs, in the assurance of appropriate medical therapy, and in the detection of common-source outbreaks.

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases include malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, infant’s diarrhoea, measles and poliomyelitis diseases are passed on to people who are not already affected by it. To collect this data we use mortality rates, morbidity rates, disease incidence, disease prevalence and disability adjusted life…

What organisms can cause a communicable disease?

What Are the Causes of Communicable Diseases? The Agent. In most cases, communicable diseases are either viruses or bacteria. Environment. One of the primary causes of communicable diseases is the environment. Transfer Method. Communicable diseases can be transferred in a number of different ways. Host. Prevention. Treatment.

What are the most common contagious diseases?

The top five most contagious infectious diseases include respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis and malaria. Respiratory tract infections, especially lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia are considered the most contagious and deadly.

How are common communicable diseases transmitted?

Viruses or bacteria are the most common germs causing communicable diseases. The diseases are often transferred directly from person to person through contact with body fluids, breathing in germs released into the air or contact with the skin, especially when there are open sores.