Who discovered the first vaccine?

Who discovered the first vaccine?

Who discovered the first vaccine?

Edward Jenner is considered the founder of vaccinology in the West in 1796, after he inoculated a 13 year-old-boy with vaccinia virus (cowpox), and demonstrated immunity to smallpox. In 1798, the first smallpox vaccine was developed.

When was the first vaccine?

The smallpox vaccine was the first vaccine to be developed against a contagious disease. In 1796, the British doctor Edward Jenner demonstrated that an infection with the relatively mild cowpox virus conferred immunity against the deadly smallpox virus.

Where did the first antibiotic come from?

This phenomenon has long been known; it may explain why the ancient Egyptians had the practice of applying a poultice of moldy bread to infected wounds. But it was not until 1928 that penicillin, the first true antibiotic, was discovered by Alexander Fleming, Professor of Bacteriology at St. Mary’s Hospital in London.

How old are vaccines?

18 Months to 18 Years

Vaccines 18 mos 11-12 yrs
Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR)
Varicella (VAR)
Hepatitis A (HepA) ← 2-dose series, See notes→
Tetanus, diphtheria, & acellular pertussis (Tdap: ≥7 yrs) Tdap

Where did smallpox come from?

Smallpox is thought to have originated in India or Egypt at least 3,000 years ago. The earliest evidence for the disease comes from the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses V, who died in 1157 B.C. His mummified remains show telltale pockmarks on his skin.

How was the first vaccine created?

First vaccines The method Jenner tested involved taking material from a blister of someone infected with cowpox and inoculating it into another person’s skin; this was called arm-to-arm inoculation.

What are the 10 most important vaccines?


  • Polio.
  • Pneumococcal Disease.
  • Tetanus.
  • Meningococcal Disease.
  • Hepatitis B.
  • Mumps.
  • Hib (Haemophilus Influenzae Type B) What it is: A bacterial disease that infects the lungs (pneumonia), brain or spinal cord (meningitis), blood, bone, or joints.
  • Which vaccine is given at the age of 5?


    National Immunization Schedule
    Vaccine When to give Dose
    Measles 2nd dose 16-24 Months 0.5 ml
    Vitamin A (2nd to 9th dose) 16 months with DPT/OPV booster, then, one dose every 6 month up to the age of 5 years) 2 ml (2 lakh IU)
    DPT 2nd Booster 5-6 years 0.5 ml.

    Who brought smallpox to America?

    They had never experienced smallpox, measles or flu before, and the viruses tore through the continent, killing an estimated 90% of Native Americans. Smallpox is believed to have arrived in the Americas in 1520 on a Spanish ship sailing from Cuba, carried by an infected African slave.

    When did smallpox become a pandemic?

    The Smallpox Pandemic of 1870-1874.

    Who is the father of immunity?

    Edward Jenner, is often called “the father of immunology”, and his work is said to have “saved more lives than the work of any other human”. In Jenner’s time, smallpox killed around 10% of the population, and even as high as 20% in towns and cities where the infection spread more easily.

    Where do most antibiotics originated from?

    Antibiotics are chemicals that kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria and are used to treat bacterial infections. They are produced in nature by soil bacteria and fungi.

    Does antibiotic resistance last forever?

    When bacteria become resistant, the original antibiotic can no longer kill them.