How communicable diseases spread and prevented?

How communicable diseases spread and prevented?

How communicable diseases spread and prevented?

Wash your hands often with soap and water. Home is where you stay when you are sick. Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth –especially when you are sick. Cover your coughs and sneezes so you do not spread germs to others.

How are communicable diseases spread Class 9?

Through blood or other body fluids Some infections are spread when body fluids such as blood, saliva, urine (wees), faeces (poos) or semen come into direct contact with an uninfected person through kissing, sexual contact or through a needlestick injury. Examples of diseases spread through body fluids: hepatitis B.

What are 3 preventions for viruses?

Measures to take

  • Always keep your hands clean.
  • Follow tips for Coughing and sneezing without contaminating.
  • Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth.
  • Avoid contact with people that are sick as they may be contagious.

How can you avoid getting a virus?

6 daily habits to help you avoid getting sick

  1. Wash your hands. Wash your hands frequently with soap and warm water.
  2. Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  3. Stay home if you’re sick.
  4. Cover your cough or sneeze.
  5. Avoid touching your face.
  6. Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.

How does an infected person spread a communicable disease?

An infected person carrying the pathogen can infect the other person by coming in direct physical contact or through the exchange or food or saliva. Communicable diseases are popularly called transmissible or infectious diseases as the rate of infection is and transmission is higher in these.

How are diseases passed on from one person to another?

1. Deficiency diseases are caused by the lack of a particular nutrient in our diet. These cannot be passed on from one person to another. 2. Diseases that can be passed on from an infected or ill person to a healthy person are called infectious diseases or communicable diseases. 3.

How are diseases classified on the basis of communicability?

On the basis of communicability, diseases are categorized into communicable or infectious disease and non-communicable or non-infectious disease. Infectious disease is caused by certain microorganisms called pathogens and leads to infections. These can be spread from one person to another hence are also called communicable disease.

How are germs spread from person to person?

We sometimes inhale disease-causing germs present in the air and get infected. Common cold, measles, cough, viral fever spared in this way. These diseases are spread by sneezing, coughing and spitting.

What are the ways in which communicable diseases are spread?

The main ways in which infectious diseases are usually spread are enlisted as follows: They are spread through air. From any kind of contact either direct or indirect between an infected and an unaffected person. Saliva of the infected person/animal. Blood or other bodily fluids. Skin or mucous membrane in the body (Nose, mouth, genitals etc.) By consuming contaminated food or water. Urine or feces carrying infections.

What are the 5 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases include malaria, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, infant’s diarrhoea, measles and poliomyelitis diseases are passed on to people who are not already affected by it. To collect this data we use mortality rates, morbidity rates, disease incidence, disease prevalence and disability adjusted life…

What can I do to prevent the spread of diseases?

  • Wash your hands often.
  • Get vaccinated.
  • Use antibiotics sensibly.
  • Stay at home if you have signs and symptoms of an infection.
  • Be smart about food preparation.
  • Disinfect the ‘hot zones’ in your residence.
  • Practice safer sex.
  • Don’t share personal items.
  • Travel wisely.

    What are the different ways to control communicable diseases?

    There are several ways in which diseases can be communicated. These include airborne and oral transmission and sexual intercourse. Therefore, it is necessary to develop various methods to control communicable diseases. These include wearing condoms, taking vaccines, and educating the public.