What is the term that describes an immediate severe allergic reaction?

What is the term that describes an immediate severe allergic reaction?

What is the term that describes an immediate severe allergic reaction?

Anaphylaxis is a sudden and severe allergic reaction that occurs within minutes of exposure. Immediate medical attention is needed for this condition.

What is the meaning of the suffix in the term cytotoxic?

Cytotoxic: Toxic to cells, cell-toxic, cell-killing. They kill cells. The prefix cyto- denotes a cell. It comes from the Greek kytos meaning hollow, as a cell or container. Toxic is from the Greek toxikon = arrow poison.

Where does the greatest concentration of lymph nodes lie?

Lymph nodes are small, kidney-shaped organs of the lymphatic system. There are several hundred lymph nodes found mostly throughout the thorax and abdomen of the body with the highest concentrations in the axillary (armpit) and inguinal (groin) regions.

Do antibodies make antigens harmless?

Protective attachment to antigens Many pathogenic microorganisms and toxins can be rendered harmless by the simple attachment of antibodies. For example, some harmful bacteria, such as those that cause diphtheria and tetanus, release toxins that poison essential body cells.

What are cytotoxic precautions?

Cytotoxic precautions are the ways that your healthcare team protects themselves from cytotoxic medications or body wastes. Although the risk of harm may be very low, it is important to be careful. These precautions are only needed when handling your medication or body fluids.

What are examples of cytotoxic drugs?

Related drugs


What are the first line of defense?

The first line of defence is your innate immune system. Level one of this system consists of physical barriers like your skin and the mucosal lining in your respiratory tract. The tears, sweat, saliva and mucous produced by the skin and mucosal lining are part of that physical barrier, too.

What is the thymus function?

The thymus gland is in the chest between the lungs. It makes white blood cells (T lymphocytes) which are part of the immune system and help fight infection. The thymus also produces a hormone called thymosin that helps make and develop T cells. …

What is difference between antigen and antibody?

To summarize – an antigen is a disease agent (virus, toxin, bacterium parasite, fungus, chemical, etc) that the body needs to remove, and an antibody is a protein that binds to the antigen to allow our immune system to identify and deal with it.

What is an immunosuppressed condition?

Listen to pronunciation. (IH-myoo-noh-suh-PREST) Having a weakened immune system. People who are immunosuppressed have a reduced ability to fight infections and other diseases. This may be caused by certain diseases or conditions, such as AIDS, cancer, diabetes, malnutrition, and certain genetic disorders.

What happens if you touch a cytotoxic drug?

Exposure to cytotoxic drugs has been reported to cause increased frequency of chromosome damage in exposed workers. They can cause acute skin, eye, and mucous membrane irritations, as well as nausea, headaches, and dizziness.

Which drug has a cytotoxic activity?

A number of cytotoxic anti-cancer drugs including paclitaxel (Luo and Prestwich, 1999; Luo et al., 2000; Auzenne et al., 2007), doxorubicin (Luo et al., 2002), sodium butyrate (Coradini et al., 1999; 2004a,b), mitomycin c (Akima et al., 1996), and epirubicin (Akima et al., 1996) had increased CD44 specific …

Can you touch cytotoxic drugs?

If at any time there is skin contact with any cytotoxic drug, the affected worker should thoroughly wash the affected area with soap and water. The worker should not scrape or abrade the skin by using a scrub brush as this could increase exposure.

What do cytotoxic drugs treat?

Cytotoxic drugs (sometimes known as antineoplastics) describe a group of medicines that contain chemicals which are toxic to cells, preventing their replication or growth, and so are used to treat cancer. They can also be used to treat a number of other disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis.