What is airway obstruction with emphysema and chronic bronchitis?

What is airway obstruction with emphysema and chronic bronchitis?

What is airway obstruction with emphysema and chronic bronchitis?

In COPD, the airways of the lungs (bronchial tubes) become inflamed and narrowed. They tend to collapse when you breathe out and can become clogged with mucus. This reduces airflow through the bronchial tubes, a condition called airway obstruction, making it difficult to move air in and out of the lungs.

What is the inherited disease of exocrine glands that leads to airway obstruction?

Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited, multisystem disease of exocrine gland function that is primarily characterized by diffuse obstruction and chronic infection of the airways and poor digestion resulting from exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

What is the medical term for an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by inflammation and collection of infected material in the air sacs?

Emphysema is the distention of the alveoli with swelling and inflammation of lung tissue. Pneumonia is the acute inflammation and infection of the alveoli.

Is a material containing blood pus or bacteria expelled from chest by coughing?

Purulent sputum contains pus, composed of white blood cells, cellular debris, dead tissue, serous fluid, and viscous liquid (mucus). Purulent sputum is typically yellow or green. It is seen in cases of bronchiectasis, lung abscess, or an advanced stage of bronchitis.

Which is a high pitched harsh crowing sound due to obstruction in the trachea or larynx?

Stridor is a continuous, high-pitched, crowing sound heard predominantly on inspiration. The cause of this sound is generally the partial obstruction of the larynx or trachea. Stridor may be heard in conditions such as croup and foreign body obstruction.

Which disorder is characterized by bronchial spasms?

If you have a respiratory problem, such as asthma, these muscles can contract and narrow your airway. When that happens, it’s called a bronchial spasm, or a bronchospasm.

What are the symptoms of a lung abscess?

A lung abscess is usually caused by bacteria that normally live in the mouth and are inhaled into the lungs. Symptoms include fatigue, loss of appetite, night sweats, fever, weight loss, and a cough that brings up sputum. Diagnosis is usually determined with a chest x-ray.

What is the medical term for a narrowing of the bronchi?

bronchial airway obstruction marked by paroxysmal (sudden) dyspnea, wheezing and cough; spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstruction atelestasis

What are the medical flashcards for bronchitis?

inflammation of tubes leading from the trachea (over a long period of time) chronic bronchitis: spasm and narrowing of bronchi leading to airway obstruction: asthma: lung or portion of a lung is collapsed: atelectasis (condition of) malignant neoplasm originating in a bronchus (is called?) bronchogenic carcinoma

What does endotracheal intubation mean in medical terms?

Asthma (also characterized by chronic inflammation, airway obstruction, bronchial edema, bronchial constriction, and mucus production. endotracheal intubation (endo-=inside, tracheal = pert to the trachea, intubation = placement of tube-in

Are there air sacs in the oropharynx?

collections of lymph tissue in the oropharynx are the palatine tonsils (almond shaped masses of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx) (palatine means pertaining to the roof of the mouth) air sacs of the lung are called