What are the communicable disease and non-communicable disease?

What are the communicable disease and non-communicable disease?

What are the communicable disease and non-communicable disease?

Preventable communicable, or infectious, diseases like malaria and HIV/AIDS account for millions of deaths in the world each year, especially in low-income countries. Noncommunicable, or chronic, diseases like heart disease and diabetes are having an increasing effect across the globe.

Who is a non-communicable disease?

World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 2011 that 34% of Ethiopian population is dying from non-communicable diseases, with a national cardiovascular disease prevalence of 15%, cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease prevalence of 4% each, and diabetes mellitus prevalence of 2%.

What are 5 non-communicable diseases?

Non-Communicable Diseases

  • Alzheimer’s.
  • Asthma.
  • Cataracts.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease.
  • Chronic Lung Disease.
  • Diabetes.
  • Fibromyalgia.
  • Heart Disease.

How are non communicable diseases different from chronic diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), also known as chronic diseases, are not passed from person to person. They are of long duration and generally slow progression. The four main types of noncommunicable diseases are

Can a non communicable disease be transferred to another person?

In fact, for some, it’s flat-out impossible. These are called non-communicable diseases because they cannot be transferred to other people. With these diseases, that’s the good news. The bad news is this doesn’t mean that they are any less common. just create an account. No obligation, cancel anytime. Want to learn more?

Is there a defense against a non communicable disease?

Just because a disease is non-communicable doesn’t mean that there is not a defense against it. In this lesson, we looked at the field of epidemiology, or the study and control of disease, specifically looking at the difference between communicable and non-communicable diseases.

How are communicable diseases spread from person to person?

There are many reasons for the spread of communicable diseases. It can spread through the air, by direct contact with a contaminated surface, food, etc. These do not spread from one person to another at all. The most common communicable diseases are those of respiratory tracts, such as common cold, influenza, tuberculosis.

What are some examples of non communicable diseases?

Examples of non-communicable diseases include diabetes, Alzheimer’s, cancer, osteoporosis, chronic lung disease, stroke, and heart disease. Almost four-fifths of all deaths from non-communicable diseases occur in developing countries. Non-communicable diseases, also known as NCDs are non-infectious medical diseases or conditions.

What are the risk factors of non communicable diseases?

Risk Factors of NCD: Some risk factors of non-communicable diseases include the environment, lifestyle or background such as the genetics, age, exposure to air pollution or gender of a person.

What are the symptoms of non communicable diseases?

General signs and symptoms common to a number of infectious diseases include: Fever. Diarrhea. Fatigue. Muscle aches. Coughing.

What is the definition of non communicable disease?

Definition of Non-Communicable disease. Non-Communicable diseases are those diseases which are not spread from person to person, hence they are non-contagious, rather they are caused by changes in lifestyle, eating habits, environment changes, allergy, malnutrition, long-term illness, side effects of medicines, or may be heredity.