Who invented the meningitis vaccine?

Who invented the meningitis vaccine?

Who invented the meningitis vaccine?

Rino Rappuoli is Global Head of Vaccines Research for Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics. He discovered and developed the Meningitis B vaccine recently administered at Princeton.

When was bacterial meningitis vaccine discovered?

The first meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine (MPSV4) was licensed in the United States in 1974. The current quadrivalent A, C, W, Y polysaccharide vaccine (Menomune, Sanofi Pasteur) was licensed in 1981. Each dose consists of 50 mcg of each of the four purified bacterial capsular polysaccharides.

What is the name of the meningitis vaccine?

There are 2 types of meningococcal vaccines available in the United States: MenACWY (conjugate) vaccines (Menactra® and Menveo®) MenB (recombinant) vaccines (Bexsero® and Trumenba®)

How did meningitis get its name?

Meningitis is the inflammation of the membranes that outline your brain and spinal cord. These membranes are called meninges, giving the illness its name: “meningitis.” Meningitis can be bacterial or viral, though there are also fungal forms of the disease.

How long does Meningitis vaccine last?

Meningitis vaccines are thought to only last for about five years, according to the Center for Young Women’s Health. Adults can also get the meningitis vaccine if their doctors recommend it. Certain situations can warrant the use of meningitis vaccinations.

What is the mortality rate of meningococcal disease?

The overall case-fatality ratio of meningococcal disease is 10% to 15%, even with appropriate antibiotic therapy, and can be higher in persons with meningococcemia. As many as 20% of survivors have permanent sequelae, such as hearing loss, neurologic damage, or loss of a limb.

Where did meningitis come from?

The first outbreak in Africa was recorded in the 1840s, but it wasn’t until 1887 that Austrian bacteriologist Anton Vaykselbaum identified meningococcal bacteria as a cause of meningitis. In 1890, Heinrich Quincke (1842–1922) used a procedure called lumbar puncture (LP) on a patient with suspected meningitis.