What are the characteristics of obstructive lung disease?

What are the characteristics of obstructive lung disease?

What are the characteristics of obstructive lung disease?

It is generally characterized by inflamed and easily collapsible airways, obstruction to airflow, problems exhaling, and frequent medical clinic visits and hospitalizations. Types of obstructive lung disease include; asthma, bronchiectasis, bronchitis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Is COPD multifactorial?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex disease with multifactorial background, based on the interaction of environmental and genetic factors. Environmental factors are clearly related to the development of the disease.

Who COPD statistics?

The World Health Organization (WHO) reported that more than 3 million people died due to COPD in 2015. That represents 5 percent of all deaths worldwide. About 90 percent of those deaths took place in low or middle-income regions. Smoking is linked to up to 90 percent of all COPD deaths in the United States.

What causes obstructive lung disease?

Over time, exposure to irritants that damage your lungs and airways can cause chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. The main cause of COPD is smoking, but nonsmokers can get COPD too.

Is COPD a complex disease?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has extensively been reported as a complex disease affecting patients’ health beyond the lungs with a variety of intra- and extrapulmonary components and considerable variability between individuals [1–6].

Is COPD a systemic disease?

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has been increasingly recognised as a systemic disease. The hormonal, metabolic and musculoskeletal implications of the generalised processes involving oxidative stress, inflammatory mediators, cytokines, and endocrine hormones have only begun to be understood.

Is asthma a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Bronchial asthma and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) are obstructive pulmonary diseases that affected millions of people all over the world. Asthma is a serious global health problem with an estimated 300 million affected individuals.